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IceCube Gen2 white paper

Enter IceCube-Gen2. In a white paper recently submitted to the Journal of Physics G, the international IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration outlines the need for and design of a next-generation extension of IceCube. By adding new optical and radio instruments to the existing detector, IceCube-Gen2 will increase the annual rate of cosmic neutrino observations by an order of magnitude, and its sensitivity. IceCube-Gen2: A Vision for the Future of Neutrino Astronomy in Antarctica M. G. Aartsen,2 M. Ackermann,54 J. Adams,16 J. A. Aguilar,12 M. Ahlers,31 M. Ahrens,44 D.

IceCube-Gen2 will open a new window on the univers

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  2. White paper veröffentlicht (DESY News) Forschungs-Highlights (engl. Seite) Publikationen (engl. Seite) Multimessenger-Beobachtungen. IceCube-Gen2 wird das sich entwickelnde Feld der Multimessenger-Astronomie weiter voranbringen: die gleichzeitige Beobachtung kosmischer Phänomene mit Hilfe verschiedener Boten wie Licht, Neutrinos und Gravitations­wellen. Der präzise Nachweis möglichst.
  3. IceCube-Gen2 bereitet den Weg für die nächsten wissen­schaftlichen Durchbrüche. Mehr zur Forschung mit IceCube-Gen2. Größter Teilchendetektor der Welt. IceCube nutzt das Polareis am Südpol als gigantisches Detektor­medium, um Neutrinos aus dem Weltall aufzuspüren. Schon heute ist es das weltweit führende Neutrino-Teleskop. Der Ausbau zu IceCube-Gen2 wird den Detektor um einen Faktor.
  4. Gen2 as outlined in the recent decadal whitepaper. The radio technique is essential to meet IceCube's science goals at highest energies. Therefore the IceCube collaboration welcomes members of the radio detection community, including the ARA, ARIANNA and RNO collaborations, to join the Gen2 effort as associate members of IceCube to facilitate a vigorous and concerted effort towards the.
  5. IceCube-Gen2 Facility 3 Gen2 High-Energy Array Gen2 Surface Veto IceCube DeepCore PINGU Multi-component observatory: • Surface air shower detector • Gen2 High-Energy Array • Sub-surface radio detector • PINGU A wide band neutrino observatory (MeV - EeV) using several detection technologies - optical, radio, and surface veto - to maximize the science . Open questions for neutrino.
  6. IceCube-Gen2 will pave the way for the next series of scientific breakthroughs. Read more. The world's largest particle detector. IceCube uses the glacial ice at the South Pole as a gigantic detector medium to hunt for cosmic neutrinos. It is already the world's most advanced neutrino telescope, but the upgrade to IceCube-Gen2 will enlarge the detector by a factor of ten. Instead of.

IceCube-Gen2: The Window to the Extreme Universe Papers

IceCube-Gen2 White paper Figure 25: Effective area for shower-type events and background rejection performance of IceCube and the IceCube-Gen2 in-ice detector with 240 m string spacing. Left: Effective area for cascades as a function of neutrino energy, after cuts that ensure a reliable vertex reconstruction. Right: Penetrating muon rejection capabilities of IceCube derived from experimental. PoS(ICRC2021)1041 StudiesforanopticalsensorforIceCube-Gen2 1. IceCube,IceCube-UpgradeandIceCube-Gen2. The IceCube Upgrade [2], as a first step, will consist of nearly 700 new optical modules, as an extension of IceCube to lower energies and a testbed for Gen2 modules. One design fo

The special focus of this meeting was the NSF requested 'White Paper,' that followed from the reviews of the midscale upgrade proposal, IceCube Gen2 Phase 1 upgrade. The proposal received five excellent and one very good reviews. Despite the five out of six outstanding reviews, the NSF officials stated that R&D toward Gen2 should not be part of a mid-scale proposal. As a result. IceCube has produced a white paper for the Gen2 proposal (arXiv:1412.5106) that fits well with the US National Science Foundation's recent identification of multi-wavelength astronomy as one of six future priorities, and a formal proposal will be completed in the next few years. Physics in order. PINGU will build on the success of DeepCore in measuring atmospheric neutrino-oscillation.

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Fenster zum extremen Universum - icecube-gen2

Timo Karg | Von IceCube zu IceCube-Gen2 | 24. März 2015 | Seite Das IceCube Observatorium >86 Strings à 60 optische Module >5160 optische Module >125 m Abstand zw. Trossen >17 m vert. Abstand zw. optischen Modulen >Tiefe: 1450 to 2450 m >Volumen: 1 km³ >81 IceTop Detektorstationen >Fertigstellung: 18. Dez. 2010 Gen2-Surface Cosmic rays •Extension of IceTop, with a station atop each new optical string •Dual technologies enable separation of muon and electromagnetic shower components •CR detectors also provide a veto to the in-ice array oGen2: 10 km2sr oIceCube: 0.25 km2sr May 19, 2021 IceCube-Gen2 (B. A. Clark) 9 scintillators (not to scale

Performance of the ARIANNA pilot array, and implications for the next generation of UHE neutrino detectors (for the ARIANNA collaboration), 36th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 2019, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, talk Neutrino direction and energy resolution of Askaryan detectors (for the ARIANNA collaboration)(poster), 36th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 2019, Madison. Encuentra vajillas, cubiertos, electrodomésticos y miles de cosas má

The planned detector upgrades to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, culminating in IceCube-Gen2 (an envisaged $400M facility with anticipated operation in the next decade, described in this white paper) are the cornerstone that will drive the evolution of neutrino astrophysics measurements. Comments: related submission to Astro2020 decadal survey: Subjects: High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena. IceCube-Gen2: The Window to the Extreme Universe. J.Phys.G 48 (2021) 6, 060501 The observation of electromagnetic radiation from radio to $\gamma$-ray wavelengths has provided a wealth of information about the universe. However, at PeV (10$^{15}$ eV) energies and above, most of the universe is impenetrable to photons. New messengers, namely. Download Citation | On Jun 1, 2021, M G Aartsen and others published IceCube-Gen2: the window to the extreme Universe | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGat The proposed ARIANNA-200 neutrino detector, located at sea-level on the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, consists of 200 autonomous and independent detector stations separated by 1 kilometer in a uniform triangular mesh, and serves as a pathfinder mission for the future IceCube-Gen2 project. The primary science mission of ARIANNA-200 is to search for sources of neutrinos with energies greater than. July 2021 IceCube-Gen2 (B. A. Clark) 6 Tracks Mostly !/!̅charged current Cascades / ̅, #/̅#charged current All flavors neutral current. Simulation •Hard, isotropic flux of single high energy muons (3 TeV-100 PeV, E-1.4) •Photons are propagated in ice (CLsimcode) oPhotons weighted by module wavelength acceptance for efficiency •Received photons are processed into recorded hits.

Please leave anonymous comments for the current page, to improve the search results or fix bugs with a displayed article The IceCube Neutrino Observatory. IceCube (Gen-1): $279 million NSF/MREFC 2002-2012 construction of the existing South Pole Array. IceCube is an NSF major facility. Management and Operations (M&O): sequence of 5 year, mostly, $7 million/year cooperative agreements between NSF and UW/WIPAC to operate detector and provide infrastructure for Collaboration. IceCube Upgrade: 5 year (planned, 2018.

IceCube-Gen2. Information&News. This page is coming soon. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, at mei dolore tritani repudiandae. In his nemore temporibus consequuntur, vim ad prima vivendum consetetur. Viderer feugiat at pro, mea aperiam. Latest news. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, at mei dolore tritani repudiandae. In his nemore temporibus consequuntur, vim ad prima vivendum consetetur. This page is. IceCube-Gen2. home; Science. ニュートリノ天文学 ; 宇宙線の起源; BSM(標準模型を超える)素粒子物理; Observatory. 深氷河大チェレンコフ検出器網; ハイブリッド観測(仮) Organization; Info; About Us; IceCube-Gen2. 研究機関概要. 企業名 千葉大学ハドロン宇宙国際研究センター: 所在地 〒263-8522 千葉県千葉市稲毛. No category Warum IceCube-Gen2 IceCube- Gen2 will enhance the existing IceCube detector at the South Pole. It will increase the annual rate of observed cosmic neutrinos by an order of magnitude compared to IceCube, and will be able to detect sources five times fainter than its predecessor. Furthermore, through the addition of a radio array, IceCube-Gen2 will extend the energy range by several orders of magnitude compared to. This white paper presents early studies toward a next-generation IceCube detector with the aim of instrumenting a 10 km3 volume of clear glacial ice at the South Pole and delivering an order of magnitude increase in astrophysical neutrino samples of all flavors. Read also a short description of IceCube-Gen2 on the IceCube website

IceCube-Gen2 will increase the rate of observed cosmic neutrinos by an order of magnitude, be able to detect five-times fainter neutrino sources, and extend the measurement of astrophysical neutrinos several orders of magnitude higher in energy. We will discuss the envisioned design of the instrument, which will include an enlarged in-ice optical array, a surface array for the study of cosmic. IceCube has produced a white paper for the Gen2 proposal (arXiv:1412.5106) that fi ts well with the US National Science Foundation's recent identifi cation of multi-wavelength astronomy as one of six future priorities, and a formal proposal will be completed in the next few years. Physics in order PINGU will build on the success of DeepCore in measuring atmos-pheric neutrino-oscillation. IceCube-Gen2 - The Next Generation Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole: Contributions to ICRC 2015 . Papers submitted to the 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2015, The Hague) by the IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration.

IceCube-Gen2 will provide critical input to the Astro2020 science questions COEPD, plus some of COEP1, COEP2, COEP3, COEP4, and STARS4, depending on what the sources of the observed neutrinos are. More generally, the first definitive source detections in high-energy neutrinos would have a huge, broad impact, much like that for the first detection of a binary neutron star merger in. Download scientific diagram | A comparison between the current IceCube DOM (left) and the Gen2 DOM (right). from publication: IceCube-Gen2 - The Next Generation Neutrino Observatory at the South. TeV-PeV: IceCube-Gen2, KM3Net MeV-GeV: DUNE, Hyper-Kamiokande, JUNO Ground-based: Einstein Telescope, Cosmic Explorer Space-based: LISA Pulsar Timing Arrays Astro2020 white paper, Buson, KF+ 1903.0444 The past decade has welcomed the emergence of cosmic neutrinos as a new messenger to explore the most extreme environments of the universe. The discovery measurement of cosmic neutrinos, announced by IceCube in 2013, has opened a new window of observation that has already resulted in new fundamental information that holds the potential to answer key questions associated with the high-energy.

IceCube-Gen

IceCube-Gen2 high-energy array to measure properties of the observed quasi-diffuse neutrino flux and discover steady point sources of neutrinos. 2.1 Event rate calculation We have parameterized the performance of each of our proposed detector geometries to detect and reconstruct tracks and cascades. We then calculate event rates by folding these quantities with the probabilities for neutrinos. IceCube-Gen2 (IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration et al. 2014; Aartsen et al. 2017) and other enhanced neutrino and cosmic ray observatories will continue to survey the sky for high-energy cosmic particles The IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration -- Contributions to the 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2021) #1. IceCube-Gen2; Collaboration • R. Abbasi. et al. (Jul 14, 2021) e-Print: 2107.06968 [astro-ph.HE] pdf cite. 0 citations. Reconstructing the neutrino energy for in-ice radio detectors: A study for the Radio Neutrino Observatory Greenland (RNO-G) #2. J.A. Aguilar (U. Brussels (main.

The planned detector upgrades to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, culminating in IceCube-Gen2 (an envisaged $400M facility with anticipated operation in the next decade, described in this white paper) are the cornerstone that will drive the evolution of neutrino astrophysics measurements. The past decade has welcomed the emergence of cosmic neutrinos as a new messenger to explore the most. IceCube-Gen2 Scientific Objectives - Multi-messenger astrophysics with high-energy neutrinos/Neutrino Astronomy - Neutrino sensitivity to all candidate source populations - ~4x significance to a September 22, 2017/TXS 0506+056 type event! - Studies of fundamental physics (at some of the most extreme energies measured) - Studies of neutrino properties and tests of beyond the SM physics - Tests. IceCube-Gen2, KM3NeT). This towering effort will enable the study of events characterised by strong gravity effects, relativistic shocks, and particle acceleration processes over a broad mass, time, and distance scales. Not only will they address open issues of astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics (e.g., formation of compact binaries, the equation of state of matter at nuclear. IceCube-Gen2 white paper (配信: 2020年8月14日) 【日本物理学会】第2回 (2021年) 日本物理学会 米沢富美子記念賞 授賞候補者の推薦について (依頼) (配信: 2020年8月8日) 博士研究員 (重力波、大阪市大) の公募 (配信: 2020年8月8日 Astro2020 Science White Paper Multi-Messenger Astronomy with Extremely Large Telescopes Thematic Areas: Planetary Systems Star and Planet Formation Formation and Evolution of Compact Object

White paper writing session. Thursday, 30 September Tue, 28 Sep Wed, 29 Sep and the plans for an order-of-magnitude more sensitive radio detector as part of IceCube-Gen2, the detection of UHE neutrinos becomes a realistic option in the next years. This contribution explores the sensitivity of identifying tau neutrinos. Taus, created by an interaction of the corresponding neutrino, create. Camera Calibration for the IceCube Upgrade and Gen2 . An upgrade to the IceCube Neutrino Telescope is currently under construction. For this IceCube Upgrade, seven new strings will be deployed in the central region of the 86 string IceCube detector to enhance the capability to detect neutrinos in the GeV range. One of the main science. Danach soll bis Ende des Jahrzehnts im Rahmen des IceCube-Gen2 Projektes das Volumen von IceCube fast verzehnfacht werden, wodurch sich dann die Zahl gemessener Neutrinoreaktionen entsprechend vergrößert. Mit IceCube ist uns erstmalig der Nachweis der Glashow-Resonanz gelungen und mit IceCube-Gen2 werden wir die Reaktion nutzen können, den Fluss von kosmischen Anti-Elektron-Neutrinos. What about the next planned extension, IceCube-Gen2? DG: The progress there is really another highlight of the last two years. We started talking about Gen2 back in 2014. It's been incredible to watch that evolve over that period of time, but things have accelerated in the last two years. The vision for Gen2 has started to materialize in this period. In particular, in the last year, we.

A window to the extreme universe - icecube-gen2

By inspection of Fig. 2, one finds that with only 53 observed events IceCube constraints can rival cosmological constraints for mf ˘mc ˘GeV, suggesting that future detectors such as IceCube Gen2 and KM3net will be able to significantly outperform CMB and LSS bounds. References [1]R. Adhikari et al., A White Paper on keV Sterile Neutrino. IceCube-Gen2: The window to the extreme Universe IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration arXiv:2008.04323. 9. An Andean Deep-Valley Detector for High-Energy Tau Neutrinos A. Romero-Wolf et al. White paper for the Latin American Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructure [arXiv:2002.06475] 8. Neutrino astronomy with the next generation IceCube Neutrino Observatory Darren Grant et al. APC white paper for the. The current IceCube detector can detect only a low number of Glashow-resonance events, but the next generation of the apparatus — IceCube-Gen2 — was proposed last year 7. This detector will. RNO-G will enable the determination of the optimal station depth, the relative fractions and arrangements of surface and deep antennas, and the mode of power distribution that is the most feasible for the IceCube-Gen2 radio array envisioned at 500 km2 area. Studies with RNO-G will enable further development of simulations of radio arrays to be designed for and ready to handle an array of the.

Auf Grundlage dieses Betriebs soll dann der Neutrino­detektor IceCube am Südpol im Rahmen des Ausbaus zu Generation 2 (IceCube-Gen2) mit Radioantennen erweitert werden. Der Nachweis von Radiosignalen von hochener­getischen Neutrinos ist ein sehr vielversprechender Weg, den zugänglichen Energie­bereich deutlich zu vergrößern und damit das neue Fenster zum Kosmos noch weiter zu öffnen. Kubestix - Large Ice Cubes and Bottle Ice Cube Sticks Tray GEN2 by ENJ Products. Wählen Sie Ihre Cookie-Einstellungen. Wir verwenden Cookies und ähnliche Tools, die erforderlich sind, um Ihnen Einkäufe zu ermöglichen, Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern und unsere Dienste bereitzustellen. Dies wird auch in unseren Cookie-Bestimmungen beschrieben. Wir verwenden diese Cookies auch, um. IceCube data are consistent with a spectral index in the range of 2.0-2.2 for energies in the range of 10 5 -10 7 GeV or so; for lower energies, the measured flux is a somewhat steeper function of energy. The solid red line shows the atmospheric neutrino background. The black horizontal line indicates the observed sensitivity of IceCube. (Adapted from ref IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration, Aartsen M. G. et al 2021 IceCube-Gen2: the window to the extreme Universe J. Phys. G 48 060501 (arXiv:2008.04323) Crossref Google Scholar [101

Several astrophysical sources detectable in GWs are expected to radiate in the full electromagentic spectrum and to emit high energy neutrinos, thus requiring a robust synergy with ground- and space-based high energy detectors (e.g. CTA, THESEUS, ATHENA), sensitive neutrino detectors (e.g. KM3Net, IceCube-Gen2) and large size optical facilities (e.g. E-ELT). In this report we review the. IceCube detecta neutrinos astrofísicos En 2013, IceCube anunció el descubrimiento de un flujo de neutrinos astrofísicos de altas energías, en el rango que va desde 10 a 3000 TeV. Esto no solo son los neutrinos de más alta energía jamás detectados, sino que representan un avance fundamental en la búsqueda de las fuentes de rayos cósmicos, por lo que queda determinar la dirección de.

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particle-detectors such as those in the high-energy neutrino window (e.g., IceCube-Gen2, KM3NeT). This towering effort will enable the study of events characterised by strong gravity effects, relativistic shocks, and particle acceleration processes over a broad mass, time, and distance scales. Not only will they address open issues of astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics (e.g. The Payload for Ultrahigh Energy Observations (PUEO): a white paper. Q Abarr, P Allison, JA Yebra, J Alvarez-Muñiz, JJ Beatty, DZ Besson, Journal of Instrumentation 16 (08), P08035, 2021. 2: 2021 : A generic unitary black-hole evaporation model based on first principles. KY Chen, P Chen, HW Chiang, DH Yeom. arXiv preprint arXiv:2108.03593, 2021. 2021: Particle production by a relativistic. Charakterisierung der Linearit at und Stabilit at eines Photodiodensystems zur Kalibrierung von IceCube-Gen2 Photosensoren von Rebecca Heilmann Bachelorarbeit in Physik vorgelegt der FAKULTAT DER MATHEMATIK, INFORMATIK UND NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN der Rheinisch-Westf alischen Technischen Hochschule Aachen im Juli 2016 angefertigt im III. Global | Deutsch Branchen Home Branchen. Luft- und Raumfahrt. • White paper delivered April/May 2019 • Develop a strategic plan for the Institute: Title: IceCube Gen2 Phase 1: an IceCube Extension for Precision Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics PI: Kael Hanson, Univ. of Wisconsin - Madison. NSF Budget: $ 22,983,324 (60 months) U.S. & Non-U.S. institutions (in -kind): $14,158,420 . Deploying: additional 7 strings (each 100+ DOMs) in the center. •IceCube Gen-2 upgrade •Allocation of observing time and ToO programs on all necessary telescopes •Greater NSF-NASA collaboration 10+ years •Design large-scale missions for this era •A large-scale gamma-ray observatory with ~keV-MeV sensitivity and a wide field of view •Appropriately matched X-ray/UVOIR/radio telescopes 10 E. urns.

IceCube-Gen2 convenes to kick-off technical design report

IceCube-Gen2 Calibration Workshop - April 8 What to do in Gen2 - Extending dust logger science There are ways to expand the dust logger science program. A great example is the work by Martin, Ryan, Summer on directly probing anisotropy with an oriented logger. Certainly it would make sense to ensure the future dust-logger has orientable capability. But there also potential to do more. 12. The Payload for Ultrahigh Energy Observations (PUEO): A white paper. 2021, Journal of Instrumentation . Sensitivity studies for the IceCube-Gen2 radio array. 2021, arXiv. Reconstructing the neutrino energy for in-ice radio detectors. 2021, arXiv. IceCube-Gen2: The window to the extreme Universe. 2021, Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. An improved trigger for Askaryan radio. IceCube archival data found a hint of time depended neutrino emission in 2014 w/ 13 ± 5 events over 100 days (significance of 3.5σ) No alert exited for this type of events. Follow-up observation coverage only by the sky survey instruments. M. Santander - Understanding Relativistic Jets Via Multi-Messenger Observations — MMA SAG session, HEAD 2019 Multi-Physics of AGN Jets in the Multi-Messenger Era • What are the dissipation and particle acceleration processes? • Multi-physics sims: study particle acceleration under different conditions, deliver temporal and spatial info on radiation and polarization

IceCube-Gen2: The Window to the Extreme Universe - NASA/AD

This White Paper is the first of a two-part series highlighting the most well-known high-energy cosmic accelerators and contributions that MeV -ray astronomy will bring to understanding their energetic particle phenomena. For the case of GCRs, MeV astronomy will: 1.Search for fresh acceleration of GCRs in SNRs; 2.Test the DSA process, particularly in SNRs and CWBs; 3.Search for signs of CR. IceCube Collaboration; IceCube/PINGU Collaboration; IceCube-Gen2 Collaboration; Instructions for updating the author list. If you are not a PI: Ask your PI to make the changes. If you are a PI: Email help@icecube.wisc.edu with any change request. Note that we also handle legacy authors and acknowledgements, with approval from ExecComm

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DESY News: IceCube-Ausbau soll Blick ins extreme Universum

SNEWS: Super-K, Hyper-K, IceCube, Kamland, HALO, CEnNS, SNO+, nEXO, any ndetector worth its salt Diffuse nflux from cosmological core-collapse SNe: 10 -100 MeV Super-K, Gd-loaded Super-K, Hyper-K Very-High Energy Astrophysical n: 10 TeV-10 PeV IceCube, KM3Net Cosmogenic (GZK) neutrinos 10 PeV-1 EeV ARA, ARIANNA, RNO, TRINITY, GRAND, Gen2-Radio I. Taboada | Georgia Inst. of Tech. 3. If the association is real, then IceCube-Gen2 and other future detectors should be able to provide additional evidence for neutrino production in 3HSP J095507.9+355101 and other extreme blazars. Petropoulou M, Beniamini P, Vasilopoulos G, Giannios D, Barniol Duran R. Deciphering the properties of the central engine in GRB collapsars. [Internet]. 2020;496:2910 - 2921. Website Abstract. The. The effective area of the future detector IceCube-Gen2 on muon neutrinos is expected to be a factor of 2 times larger than that of IceCube for events of energy 10 TeV, and a factor of more than 3 times larger for events with energy above 100 TeV to the GC direction (van Santen 2018). Therefore, with the current 10 yr operation of IceCube plus a few more years of future operation of IceCube and.

for all flavor n's with IceCube, IceCube Gen2, and ARA. NTA achieves an effective area similar to that of IceCube at 1 PeV and 10-100 times larger than it above 30 PeV. The sensitivity for ES-nt's withobserving Cherenkovlight is under study, which may enhance more the discovery potentiality around PeV or the lower energy region A proposed expansion of the IceCube detector, IceCube-Gen2, White Paper submission to arXiv: no later than March 15, 2022. Late submissions and updates are likely not to be incorporated in the working group reports, but will be included in the Snowmass on-line archive documents. Preliminary reports by the Topical Groups due: no later than May 31, 2022. Preliminary reports by the Frontiers. IceCube-Gen2 - 8x volume (+12 000 OMs) KM3NeT and GVD target km3 size P-ONE - a segmented km3 array in the Pacific, off the coast of Canada Dedicated instruments - TAMBO (array of water tanks for ν τ at 1-100 PeV Possible projects include IceCube-Gen2 at South Pole and for related technologies in other science categories such as PINGU, CHIPS, Theia and others. 3. Funding for theoretical work on neutrino production at high energies in atmospheric neutrinos, and in particular the uncertain flux of the so called prompt neutrinos from charm production processes in cosmic ray interactions with the.

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The IceCube-Gen2 Neutrino Observatory will feature an in-ice optical array, a larger in-ice radio detector array, and a surface cosmic-ray air-shower array. The surface array will consist of stations based on the experience from the planned IceTop enhancement, each station having four pairs of scintillator panels, three radio antennas and a central hub hosting electronics for data readout and. IceCube-Gen2 is a planned extension of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole. The extension is optimized to search for sources of astrophysical neutrinos from TeV to EeV, and will improve the sensitivity of the observatory to neutrino point sources by a factor of five. The science case of IceCube-Gen2 is built on a successful decade of observations with IceCube. This index of. Heavy quarks (HQ) are believed to have unique roles for studying QCD at finite temperature and baryon density. By comparing precision measurements of HQ hadron production in heavy-ion collisions with realistic phenomenological model calculations, the goal is to understand interactions and dynamics of HQ propagating through the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) medium and furthermore to characterize. Meanwhile, an armada of wide-field, high-cadence, and sensitive surveys are planned, spanning the EM spectrum from radio (SKA), through optical (the Rubin Observatory, previously known as the LSST), and up to X/γ-ray (e.g THESEUS, accepted by ESA for a phase A study), and TeV (CTA), as well as particle-detectors such as those in the high-energy neutrino window (e.g., IceCube-Gen2, KM3NeT.